Volume 14, Issue 2 (Summer 2012)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2012, 14(2): 87-97 | Back to browse issues page

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Nazer M, Zare H, Farzad V, Alipour A. Effectiveness of Attention-shaping Training in Reinforcing Attention in Drivers with Crash History. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2012; 14 (2) :87-97
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-489-en.html
1- Assistant professor, University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Associate Prof., Dept. of psychology, University of Payam nor, Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3- Associate Prof. , Dept. of psychology , University of tarbiat moallaem , Tehran, Iran.
4- Prof., Dept. of psychology, University of Payam nor, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2382 Views)
Objective: The current study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of an audiovisual training program on changing the ability of divided and selective attentions and their reaction time in car drivers with crash history.
Method: In this quasi-experimental study, 64 car drivers each with more than one at-fault crashes were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. All the drivers had more than two years of driving experiences. Then, concentrated and diffuse attentions were measured by selective and divided attentions and Stroop tests. The functions of attention in the experimental group following three weeks and five training sessions were re-strengthened. One and two weeks after training, both groups were re-assessed. Data were analyzed using covariance and repeated measures.
Results: Analysis of the data showed that the experimental group had significant differences in the rate of correct responses congruent and incongruent Stroop test (P≤0.001) and the correct answer in the concentrated and dispersed (P≤0.001) and also consistent in the amount of reaction time (P≤0.001) and inconsistent (P≤0.02) and focused attention of P ≤ 0.04) and dispersed (P≤0.01) where compared with control regarding.
Conclusion: According to the findings it could be concluded the program, improved the ability of divided and selective attentions and their reaction time. However, re-strengthening of attention is not a background reason for improving the driving ability and reducing risk of car crash. This study need to be confirmed by long-term studies with follow-up.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2012/02/20 | Accepted: 2012/04/20 | Published: 2012/06/21

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