Volume 7, Issue 3 (Autumn 2005)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2005, 7(3): 58-64 | Back to browse issues page

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Esmaeili nasab M, Eskandari H, Borjali A. Comparison of Life Narrative of Depressed and Anxious People With Normal Subjects. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2005; 7 (3) :58-64
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-167-en.html
Abstract:   (2110 Views)
Objective: To compare life narrative of depressed and anxious subjects referred to mental health clinics in  Tehran with a non-clinical group. "Narration" is the essential concept of personality in the narrative approach. In this study the three concepts of agency, sympathetic cooperation, and liberating narratives were assessed. 
Method: In this analytical cross-sectional study the selection of the subjects (seven depressed, five anxious, and five non-clinical persons between 20 and 40, and holding a minimum degree of high school diploma) was done through the SCL-90-R test and the diagnosis made by a psychologist or psychiatrist. Narratives were gathered using the semi-structured interview of Mc Adams’ life story, and the data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and content analysis. 
Results: The non-clinical, anxious, and depressed groups used liberating narratives significantly and in a decreasing order. Agency was higher in the non-clinical group than the two other groups and there was no difference with regard to sympathetic cooperation. 
Conclusion: The difference in narratives indicates that narrative assessment can be considered as a diagnostic tool. The narrative contents of non-clinical, anxious, and depressed subjects were liberating, relative hope with uncertainty (which reduced their agency), and hopelessness and passivity successively.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2005/05/18 | Accepted: 2005/07/24 | Published: 2005/09/23

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