Volume 22, Issue 1 (Spring 2020)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2020, 22(1): 93-101 | Back to browse issues page


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Hemati Moghadam A, samadi H, katouzi M. Brain death and its cognitive significance. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2020; 22 (1) :93-101
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-952-en.html
1- Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Faculty of Law, Theology and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University Tehran, Iran
2- PhD Student of Philosophy of Science, Faculty of Law, Theology and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1385 Views)
Every human being always tried to define death to reach a solution to life, maybe forever. He always faced with such questions: what is death? When can we say somebody died? We have two main approaches in medicine to define death: Cardiopulmonary death, which means the irreversible cessation of the cardiopulmonary system (heart and lungs), and brain death which means the irreversible cessation of brain functions. The second approach promoted by way of using ventilators, which could revive brain death Patients. So brain functions became the most important criterion to define death. Now the question is: if the irreversible cessation of cognitive activities in the brain is the criterion to define death or the irreversible cessation of the cardiopulmonary system? Moreover, if we choose the first, which property or function can be the criterion to define cognitive activity? According to this study’s findings, it is concluded that the irreversible cessation of cognitive activities in the brain is the criterion to define death. Accordingly, human beings are trying to find a reason why awareness is the right criterion to define cognitive activity.
Full-Text [PDF 1379 kb]   (518 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2019/05/26 | Accepted: 2019/07/16 | Published: 2020/06/10

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