Volume 22, Issue 2 (Summer 2020)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2020, 22(2): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page

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Cheraghzadeh M, KordNoghabi R. Explaining of wisdom based on philosophical mind, social perspective-taking and self-restraint in student. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2020; 22 (2) :1-11
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-825-en.html
1- MA in Educational Psychology, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
Abstract:   (2216 Views)
Introduction: Wisdom is known as the highest stage of cognitive transformation and the highest level of personality transformation. Various factors such as philosophical mentality as a kind of deep thinking in life affairs, social perspective-taking as an understanding of the views of others’, and self-restraint that involve personal control about the emotions affect wisdom. The purpose of this study was to highlight wisdom based on philosophical mentality, social perspective-taking, and self-restraint in students.
Methods: The research method is descriptive and correlational. For this purpose, 384 students  were selected from students at Bu-Ali Sina University through a multistage cluster sampling method in the  (2017-2018) academic year. The research tools included the Ardelt  wisdom scale (2003), Soltani philosophical mentality scale (1996), the social perspective-taking scale of Mohagheghi et al (2016) and Weinberger and Schwartz self-restraint scale (1990). Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation, multiple regression using SPSS software.
Results: The results revealed that philosophical mentality, social perspective-taking, and self-restraint could predict the wisdom with a beta coefficient of 0.35, 0.21, and 0.13, respectively.
Conclusion: Based on the results of this research, it is suggested that with by emphasizing the importance and training of philosophical mentality, social perspective-taking, and self-restraint in the educational environments, it can enter wise people to the labor market and society.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2018/12/27 | Accepted: 2020/01/16 | Published: 2020/06/30

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