Volume 14, Issue 3 (Autumn 2012)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2012, 14(3): 75-84 | Back to browse issues page

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Soltani Kouhbanani S, Alizadeh H, Hashemi J, Sarami Q. Executive Function Deficits in students with Mathematical Learning Disorder. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2012; 14 (3) :75-84
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-498-en.html
1- of Psychology, faculty of psychology, Allameh Tabatabaie University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate Professor of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaie University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaie University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Assistant Professor of Psychology, Tarbiat Moalem University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2109 Views)
Objective: This study aims to compare executive function (EF) in students with and without mathematical learning disorder.
Method: In order to compare the executive function in students with and without mathematical learning disorder, ten female students with mathematical learning disorder, based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria and the standard diagnostic test with Key Math were compared with ten ordinary students with consistent performance using the Tower of London (PC version) and the Stroop test.
Results: Tower of London test showed significant differences between students with mathematical learning disorder and normal students; this was significant at levels 2 and 3 of the Tower of London task. In the continuous performance test, the commission errors in math disorder students were significantly more than that in normal students(P<0/05). The omission errors in math disorder students were higher significantly too. In the Stroop test his distinction in terms of indicators, namely the time difference and time difference of colors, was significant between the two groups . In addition, the time for naming colors in students with mathematical learning disorder was longer.
Conclusion: This study revealed that students with mathematical learning disorder have deficits in executive functions when compared with normal students.
Full-Text [PDF 466 kb]   (810 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2012/05/21 | Accepted: 2012/07/22 | Published: 2012/09/22

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