Volume 13, Issue 3 (Autumn 2011)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2011, 13(3): 65-74 | Back to browse issues page

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Ahmadi F, Amiri S. Effects of Mental Imagery and Repetition on False Memory. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2011; 13 (3) :65-74
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-372-en.html
1- Master›s in Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Psychology Department, University of Isfahan، Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (2027 Views)
Objective: The aim of this research was to investigate the effects of mental imagery and repetition on false memory.
Method: The research was experimental (i.e., pre and post tests). To investigate false memory, 45 third-grade students, selected by multistage cluster sampling, were tested through the protocol developed by Gonsalves and Paller (2000).
Results: Analyses of variance and paired sample T-Test showed that imagery significantly increased the mean of false recognition (P<0/01). Moreover, the mean of false recognition of post test in control and repetition groups considerably decreased in comparison with that of pre test. Also, the mean of true recognition of control, imagery and repetition groups significantly decreased in post test than pre test (P<0/05).
Conclusion: On the basis of source monitoring, the imagery creates a representation in mind that is very similar to the representation of the seen picture, and this rise in similarity of the representation is responsible for the increased false memory of the unseen pictures.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2011/05/22 | Accepted: 2011/07/23 | Published: 2011/09/23

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