Volume 8, Issue 4 (Winter 2007)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2007, 8(4): 22-32 | Back to browse issues page

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Mahdavian A, Karami Nouri R. The Effect of Attention, Levels- of -Processing, and Interest in The Subject of Study on Explicit and Implicit Memory of Students. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2007; 8 (4) :22-32
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-265-en.html
1- University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1856 Views)
Objective: In this research the effect of attention and levels-of-processing on the function of memory and the retrieval of words with explicit and implicit memory, in two different states, where the subject of study was either interesting or not interesting for the students was studied.
Method: This was an experimental study and was carried out individually using a computerized measuring tool on 160 students. Data were analyzed using three-way ANOVA.
Results: Focused attention, interest in the subject of study, and deep processing brought about the highest degree of explicit memory function. In contrast, shallow processing, divided attention, and lack of interest led to the lowest function of explicit memory.
Conclusion: The effects of variables on explicit and implicit memory were different in some aspects. Interest, attention, and level of processing ranked first to third respectively in their effects on explicit memory; and interest and attention ranked first and second respectively in their effect on implicit memory. The level- of- processing did not have a significant effect on implicit memory.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/08/24 | Accepted: 2006/10/23 | Published: 2006/12/22

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