Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2006)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2006, 8(2): 53-65 | Back to browse issues page

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Shams G, Karam Ghadiri N, Esmaili Torkanbou Y, Rahiminejad F, Ebrahimkhani N. Obsessional Beliefs in Patients With Obsessive– Compulsive Disorder and Other Anxiety Disorders as Compared to The Control Group. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2006; 8 (2) :53-65
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-234-en.html
1- Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2535 Views)
Objectives: In recent years, lots of research on obsessive - compulsive disorder (OCD) has attempted to identify the role of cognitions in etiology of OCD, and to determine which domains of cognitions (Responsibility and Threat estimation (RT), Perfectionism and Intolerance for uncertainty (PC), and Importance and Control of Thoughts (ICT)) underlie genesis and maintenance of OCD. The current study aimed to compare obsessive beliefs in OCD patients, non - OCD anxiety patients, and normal individuals. 
Method: Three groups of subjects consisting OCD outpatients, non-OCD anxious patients, and community controls completed a demographic questionnaire, BAI, OBQ–44, MOCI, BDI-II, STAI, and Y - BOCS (in case of OCD). 
Results: OCD and non - OCD anxiety groups equally scored higher than the controls on OBQ–44 and its subscales PC and RT. On ICT subscale, the OCD group scored higher than non-OCD and normal controls; non - OCD and controls did not differ significantly. Therefore, the total score on OBQ–44 can well assess the obsessive thoughts; RT and PC subscales are specific for OCD and anxiety, and ICT is specific for OCD. Means, standard deviations, and level of significance were determined for OBQ–44 items in the three study groups, and 27 items were identified to be specifically correlated with obsessive beliefs. 
Conclusion: PC and RT subscales of OBQ–44 are associated with OCD and anxiety disorders, and ICT subscale is specific for OCD. The findings suggest OBQ–44 as an appropriate means of investigating the cognitive structures and content in OCD.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/03/16 | Accepted: 2006/05/23 | Published: 2006/06/22

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