Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2006)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2006, 8(2): 31-43 | Back to browse issues page

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Tavakoli S, Kaviani H, Sharifi V, Sadeghi M, Fotouhi A. Examining Cognitive, Emotional and Behavioral Components of Public Stigma Towards Persons With Mental Illness. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2006; 8 (2) :31-43
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-231-en.html
1- Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1997 Views)
Objective: This study examined the relationships between cognitive, emotional, and behavioral components of public stigma towards persons with schizophrenia, comparing the attribution and danger appraisal models of stigma. 
Method: This cross-sectional study involved 324 medical students and interns of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 
Results: Knowledge of controllability and dangerousness of the illness predicted the emotional components of stigma towards mental illness. The effects of dangerousness on emotional components of stigma were not mediated by personal responsibility. More familiarity with mental illness led to less coercion; while being informed on dangerousness of the illness led to more coercion. Participants were more likely to support segregation if they had information about dangerousness of the patient. Emotional responses mediate the effects of dangerousness and personal responsibility on coercion. The effects of dangerousness and personal responsibility on discriminatory behavior operate both directly and indirectly through emotional factors. 
Conclusion: Both attribution and danger appraisal models contribute to stigmatization. It seems that danger appraisal model has a greater role in emotional reactions and discriminatory behaviors towards persons with mental illness.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/02/9 | Accepted: 2006/04/14 | Published: 2006/06/22

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