Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2006)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2006, 8(2): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahrivar Z, Alaghbandrad J, Kusha M, Dashti B, Sepasi M, Aminipour Z. Reliability and Validity of The Social Behavior Inventory and The Expectations Test in A Sample of Iranian Children and Adolescents. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2006; 8 (2) :1-11
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-228-en.html
1- Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2489 Views)
Objective: In this study, validity and reliability of the Social Behavior Inventory (SBI) and the Expectations Test (ET) were assessed in a clinical and a non-clinical sample of Iranian children and adolescents. 
Method: The SBI was translated (into Persian and backward) and face validity of the translated version was determined. Validity and reliability of the SBI and the ET (visual test) were then assessed in regard with cross-cultural characteristics. Study subjects consisted of 54 children and adolescents aged 4–17 years: 28 of them were consecutive clinical referrals to Child and Adolescents Psychiatric Clinic of Roozbeh Hospital (Tehran University of Medical Sciences), and 26 were consecutive general referrals to Child and Adolescent Dentistry Clinic of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. All of the subjects were interviewed by a board-certified child and adolescent psychiatrist and the diagnoses were confirmed by K-SADS. 
Results: For the ET, inter-rater reliability showed α more than 9. Both instruments had low sensitivity for most scales. However, few scales of the SBI and the ET demonstrated a very good specificity (80 percent and more). Some significant association was noticed between certain psychiatric disorders and the ET and SBI scores. 
Conclusion: The SBI and ET were not adequately sensitive to screen for experiences of sexual child abuse, domestic violence, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Cross-cultural factors that influence children’s and adolescents' conceptualizations and interpretation of traumatic and abusive experiences when these instruments are used need to be further studied.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/03/16 | Accepted: 2006/04/21 | Published: 2006/06/22

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