Volume 24, Issue 1 (3-2022)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2022, 24(1): 98-109 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.UI.REC.1396.031

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Bakhtiari A, asgari K, Abedi A, niari khams P. A Comparison of the effects of pharmacotherapy and Attentional plays on hyperactivity and neurological soft signs in children with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2022; 24 (1) :98-109
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-1344-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
3- Department of Psychology and Education of People with Special Needs, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran.
4- Rooyesh center, Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (371 Views)
Introduction: During the recent years, the relationship between neurological soft signs (NSS) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), was investigated by researchers around the world. This study accomplished due to the country necessities, with the aim of comparing the effects of drug therapy and attentional play therapy on NSS signs.  
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test, and a control group; in which 100 pupils with diagnosis of ADHD were participated in the academic year of 2016-2017. Following the administration of Cambridge neurological questionnaire, and Conners scale, and according to pupil’s scores and its cut of point, the subjects were divided into two groups of low scores and high scores of NSS signs; then each group was randomly assigned into three groups (two experimental and one control) which were totally six groups. After introducing the interventions, the data was analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA.
Results: The analysis of the data revealed a significant difference between experimental and control groups; and two interventions have had specific effects, based on severity of NSS signs and hyperactivity.
Conclusion: Drug therapy was more effective on severe neurological soft signs, while attentional plays was more effective on low NSS. The results could be useful for therapists, as a guide in selecting the type of therapy according to the severity of neurological soft sigs.
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2021/10/16 | Accepted: 2021/12/1 | Published: 2022/01/18

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