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1- Shahid Beheshti University
Abstract:   (120 Views)
Introduction: Terror management Theory is concerned with the effect of mortality salience on human psychological functions. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a pictorial manipulation to induce death threat based on this theory. The second purpose of this study was to compare death thought accessibility resulting from the induction of Covid threat against death thought accessibility resulting from death threat.
Methods: Participants were 148 university students who were randomly assigned to one of the six experimental conditions specified by threat type (death, Covid, toothache) and delay (non-delayed, delayed) as factors. Respondents were first presented with the pictorial manipulation centering around threat type, and following that, either immediately (non-delayed condition) or after an irrelevant task (delayed condition), responded to the Lexical Decision Task (LDT) to assess death thought accessibility.
Results: The reaction time to death-related stimuli was lower than negative stimuli following the induction of death but not other types of threat. Moreover, the pattern of death thought accessibility resulting from induction of Covid threat was more similar to that of death threat in the delayed condition compared to the non-delayed condition.
Conclusion: Present findings point to the efficacy of the proposed pictorial method to induce mortality salience. Moreover, the pattern yielded for Covid threat suggests that more death thoughts were elicited in response to Covid compared to death threat. A possible explanation for this finding concerns the high strength and concreteness of the association between a disease and death in the midst of its pandemic.
     
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2021/10/2 | Accepted: 2022/04/21

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