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1- Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch
2- Tarbiat Modares University
Abstract:   (211 Views)
Introduction: Cognitive semantics is not a single unified framework. Those researchers who identify themselves as cognitive semantics typically have a diverse set of foci and interests. However, there are a number of principles that collectively characterize a cognitive semantics approach. Studying metaphor is one of the most important parts of cognitive semantics. According to conceptual metaphor theory, metaphor is not simply a matter of language, but reflects deep correspondences in the way our conceptual system is organized. Conceptual metaphor theory believes that metaphorical creativity in poetry is based on common thought and language. In this framework poets use extending, elaborating, questioning and composing techniques to create novel metaphorical expressions. Even though this framework can be helpful, there is unclear analysis to demonstrate all aspects of the mental process in poet’s mind. On the other hand conceptual blending theory which drives from conceptual metaphor theory and mental spaces theory has been developed to account for phenomena that other frameworks cannot adequately account for. Blending is distinguished by an architecture that includes a generic space, two or more input spaces and blended space and it differs from the other theories in explicitly accounts for emergent structure. In this research, we are going to use conceptual blending theory for analyzing possible network models in a collection of contemporary Persian poetry that might help us to illustrate hidden aspects of elaborating technique which is used to interpret metaphorical creativity.
Method: to do this research, we collected some poems on basis of simple random sampling from Simin Behbahani, Fereydon Moshiri and Forough Farokhzad’s poetic notebooks as the samples of contemporary Persian poetry and analyzed them according to elaborating technique in conceptual metaphor theory. While conceptual metaphor theorists have sought generalization across abroad range of metaphorical expressions, conceptual blending theorists developing general principles based on specific examples. This is because blending theory places emphasis upon a process of meaning construction rather system of knowledge. Because of this methodological reason, we have reanalyzed a limited number of data to estimate properties of conceptual blending analysis and extract network models to discuss about the metaphorical elaborating technique and its hidden features that conceptual metaphor theory cannot adequately explain about them.
Results: Two micro-models are extracted according to conceptual blending theory to represent clear aspects of metaphorical elaborating technique which is used in a collection of contemporary Persian poetry. In the first model, a mental space or a blended space which is the result of a network in a background reflects some concepts into both input spaces of the other network in foreground simultaneously bases on stimulation of similar aspects. In the second model, we have two networks. Some aspects of first input of second network have conceptualized in first network previously and access principle provides a connection between them. By the process of mapping and integration of second network inputs, these aspects connect to more extra information. For both models we will have a blended space with emergent structure. Also we find some data which are formed on the basis of integration of these micro-models and create a macro
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2021/04/8 | Accepted: 2021/06/17

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