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1- Department of psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (1010 Views)
Anxiety disorders are the most common group of mental disorders that affect children and adolescents and its estimated prevalence worldwide is 6.5%. The widespread negative impact of anxiety in adolescence, together with the findings that most anxiety disorders first occur in childhood or adolescence, highlights the need for adolescent-centered intervention in this area. On the other hand, the results of many studies support the effectiveness of mindfulness training on the psychological characteristics of adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mindfulness exercises on the components of positive adolescent development in adolescents with anxiety disorder. The present study was applied in terms of purpose and experimental in terms of experimental research method with pre-test design, post-test with control group. The statistical population of the study consists of adolescents aged 9-11 years with anxiety disorder who have been evaluated by a psychiatrist and referred to a psychologist. Among them, 30 people (15 people from each experimental and control group) were selected by purposive sampling method and after obtaining the conditions for entering the research and obtaining the consent of their parents and giving assurance about the confidentiality of information to them to participate in Research were selected. Inclusion criteria were: diagnosis of anxiety disorder by a psychiatrist before entering the study, no serious physical or mental illness and not attending other psychotherapy sessions at least one month before the study. Exclusion criteria were psychiatric comorbid disorders, drug use and absenteeism in more than three sessions of medical counseling sessions. They were then randomly divided into experimental and control groups. In order to collect information, the positive adolescent development questionnaire of Goldoff et al. (2014) and the Spence Childrenchr(chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))39chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))))s Anxiety Scale (2007) were used. The research method was experimental with pre-test-post-test design, follow-up with the control group. The experimental group was trained in mindfulness exercises and the control group was included in the training waiting list. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance. The results showed that the F-ratio of univariate analysis of covariance for the positive transformation components showed that in all components there was a significant difference between the training and control groups in the post-test. Therefore, mindfulness exercises have a significant effect on all components of positive change. Due to the effectiveness of mindfulness exercises in the components of positive change, it is suggested that such an educational program be part of the codified treatments of child and adolescent counseling centers and that therapists have sufficient knowledge in this field by holding training workshops. This research has also faced some limitations. In this study, adolescents with anxiety disorder entered the study and therefore generalizes the results to other adolescents is limited. Also, despite full supervision and explanation from the researcher, adolescents may not report accurately in filling out their questionnaires due to anxiety. It is suggested that other age groups be used in future research. Also, normal adolescents should be used in future research and the results should be compared with the findings of the present study.
     
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2021/01/5 | Accepted: 2021/02/18

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