Volume 23, Issue 1 (Spring 2021)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2021, 23(1): 46-61 | Back to browse issues page


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Dehabadi S, Kraskian Moojembari A, Hassani-Abharian P, Beliyad M, Peivandi P. Comparison of the acceptance and commitment-based therapy and cognitive rehabilitation of working memory on anxiety and depression of girls. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2021; 23 (1) :46-61
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-1213-en.html
1- PhD Student in General Psychology, Karaj branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Iran
3- Assistant Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Cognitive Rehabilitation, Brain and Cognition Clinic, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2499 Views)
Introduction: Severe anxiety and depression lead to deficits in executive functions and cognitive abilities have a detrimental effect on working memory capacity and reduce its efficiency. Also, cognitive dysfunction will lead to depression and anxiety. One of the indirect methods used to improve the level of various cognitive skills is cognitive computer games. Cognitive rehabilitation of working memory is a way to restore lost cognitive capacities, which is done by exercises and providing purposeful stimuli and its purpose is to improve the individual's cognitive function. Acceptance and commitment therapy, which is used to treat depression and anxiety, focuses on accepting pain rather than avoiding and suppressing distressing factors based on personal values. This intervention aims to create more flexible responses to life's challenges, pain, and acceptance of symptoms instead of eliminating them themselves. This study aimed to compare the acceptance and commitment-based therapy and cognitive rehabilitation of working memory on anxiety and depression in single girls aged 25 to 35. The research method was quasi-experimental with a pre-test-post-test design and follow-up with a control group.
Methods: The statistical population of this study included all girls referred to psychological and counseling centers in Sabzevar in 2019. Forty-five people were randomly selected and randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group. Participants in the present study were evaluated for pre-test-post-test-follow-up and answered the Four Anxiety Systems Questionnaire and the Beck Depression Inventory. Participants of the two intervention groups underwent eight acceptance and commitment-based therapy sessions and ten sessions of rehabilitation cognitive rehabilitation of working memory.
Results: The present study results showed that both therapies based on acceptance, and commitment and cognitive rehabilitation of working memory compared to the control group had a reducing effect on anxiety (P=0.001) and depression (P=0.001). In comparison between acceptance and commitment-based therapy and cognitive rehabilitation of working memory in affecting the anxiety variable, it has been observed that acceptance and commitment-based therapy has been more effective than cognitive rehabilitation of working memory in reducing anxiety in girls.
Conclusion: The findings revealed that interventions, acceptance and commitment-based therapy and cognitive rehabilitation of working memory are effective in reducing anxiety and depression in girls, and acceptance and commitment-based therapy has been more effective than cognitive rehabilitation of working memory in reducing girls' anxiety. One of the practical implications of the present study is the effectiveness of commitment and acceptance therapy and cognitive rehabilitation of working memory on anxiety and depression and its correlations, so it is suggested that these therapies be used to treat anxious and depressed people. Today, cognitive rehabilitation of working memory is more widely used due to the side effects of taking drugs and their high cost. Also, it seems that cognitive computer games are a new chapter in developing the skills of anxious and depressed people in early interventions and can affect their cognitive, behavioral, and emotional skills. Therefore, enriching the environment and laying the groundwork for cognitive computer games will help grow and improve executive functionality.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2020/11/10 | Accepted: 2021/01/28 | Published: 2021/03/14

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