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1- Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of psychology, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
3- Department of psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of educational psychology, kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (450 Views)
Introduction: The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) is a standardized rating scale used by parents and teachers to provide useful information about a child’s EF in one’s everyday environments (e.g., home and school). The questionnaire is designed to measure various behavioral manifestations of EF in children and adolescents aged from 5 to 18. Performance-based measures have shown some limitation in the assessment of Executive Functions (EF) and rating scales have been proposed as an alternative. The present study examined the psychometric properties of Persian version of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, Second Edition, BRIEF-2 parent - form in children aged 6 to 12 years.
Methods: Participants were 470 Parents of school-aged children, 230 girl (48.9%) and 240 boy (51.1%) between 6 and 12 years old (M = 9.15; SD = 1.92). 120 students (25.5%) were from 6 to 8 years old; 137 (29.2%) were from 8 to 9 years old; 143 (30.4%) were from 10 to11 years old; and 70 (14.9%) were 12 years old. The students were in Grade 1 (16.59%) Grade 2 (16.80%) Grade 3 (16.59%), Grade 4 (16.38%) Grade 5 (17.02%) and Grade 6 (16. 59%). Samples were selected from regions (north, south, east, west and center) in Tehran city according to the gender and age ratios. In the sample, 79.34% of participants were monolingual and 21.66% bilingual. On the basis of this questionnaire, participants were excluded if they reported having been diagnosed with developmental, intellectual, psychiatric, or neurological disorders or mental impairments. Excluding children with disabilities from the study was a deliberate choice, since we wanted to focus on invariance during development. Indeed, incorporating children with disabilities into the participant sample might have biased the data, since the developmental trajectory in pathological subjects may differ from that in healthy subjects. The study was approved by the Ethics of the American Psychological Association’s. After approval by the school board, parents were invited (in writing) to enroll in the study and to provide their informed consent to participation. The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, Second Revision, Parent Form (BRIEF-2; Gioia et al., 2015) was used to measure executive functions.To verify the dimensionality of the BRIEF-2 (three-factor model), CFA was employed by means of the AMOS Graphics 24.0 program. The goodness-of-fit level of the models was estimated using the χ² test and the following fit indices: The Comparative Fit Index (CFI), Normed Fit Index (NFI). CFI values can range between 0 and 1, with values above .90 considered to indicate acceptable fit. The root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) was also calculated, with values of less than .08 considered acceptable.
Results: The analysis of the internal structure using confirmatory factor analysis reveals that the model with three indexes (Behavioral, Emotional and Cognitive) and nine scales (Inhibit, Shift, Self-Monitor, Emotional Control, Initiate, Working Memory, Plan/Organize, Organization of Materials and Task-Monitor) showed a good fit to the sample. The coefficient alpha values for the index scores ranged from .91 to .93, with coefficients for the individual scales ranging from .87 to .92. Results showed that Persian version of the BRIEF-2 parent Form demonstrated high internal consistency and test–retest reliabilities. Convergent validity with Coolidge Executive Functioning Inventory (CEFI) and divergent validity between normal and clinical groups were good.
Conclusion: The findings support the factorial validity of the BRIEF-2 scores, suggesting that it is an adequate instrument to evaluate executive functioning reported by parents and caregivers. According to the findings, it can be said that the Persian version of the BRIEF-2 has good psychometric properties and can be a good tool for use in clinical and research situations.
     
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2020/08/11 | Accepted: 2020/12/10

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