Volume 18, Issue 3 (Autumn 2016)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2016, 18(3): 18-26 | Back to browse issues page

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Sharifi M, Neshatdoost H, Tavakoli M, Shaygannejad V. Investigating the Effects of Depression on Retrospective, Everyday and Prospective Memory in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2016; 18 (3) :18-26
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-501-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (3282 Views)
Objective: Several research has approved deficits in memory performance of patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Since the cause of the injury is multifaceted and complex, the type and extent varies from person to person. In addition to neurological factors, psychological factors, such as depression, may also be involved in the etiology. Therefore the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of depression on retrospective, everyday and prospective memory performance of patients with MS.
Method: In this Causal-Comparative research 52 patients with MS (26 depressed and 26 non-depressed patients) from Kashani hospital in Isfahan in 1391 &1392 and 26 healthy controls were selected and were assessed through the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), Everyday Memory Questionnaire (EMQ) and Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ). The data were analyzed through using covariance.
Results: The results indicated significant (p<0/008) differences in retrospective, everyday and prospective memory performance between depressed patients with MS and two other groups. But there was no significant difference between non-depressed patients with MS and healthy group.
Conclusion: Psychological factors such as depression can influence on retrospective, everyday and prospective memory performance of MS patients. Depression can intensify memory deficits of patients with MS.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/02/25 | Accepted: 2017/05/27 | Published: 2017/09/28

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