Volume 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2007)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2007, 9(1): 16-22 | Back to browse issues page

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Panahi H, Azad Falah P. The Effect of Success and Failure on The Physiological Responses of Perfectionist and Non-Perfectionist Subjects. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2007; 9 (1) :16-22
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-332-en.html
1- Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2189 Views)
Objective: One of the subjects investigated in the field of health psychology is the relationship between specific personality characteristics and physiological responses in different situations. This research inquires into perfectionist characteristics in stressful situations. 
Method: A sample of university students (n=395) completed the Questionnaire of Perfectionism. After scoring, 60 subjects belonging to the 30% upper distribution and 60 subjects from the 30% lower distribution were selected. They were then randomly assigned to four groups based on level of perfectionism (high/low) and exposure to failure/success. Baseline physiological measures and physiological responses after exposure to success or failure conditions were compared using Hest.
Results: In failure situations, subjects high in perfectionism demonstrated higher changes in heart rate and systolic blood pressure in comparison with individuals with low perfectionism scores. However, there was no statistically significant difference in diastolic blood pressure. On the other hand, changes in physiological responses in subjects with high perfectionism scores after exposure to success situations were not significant. Finally, the change in heart rate and systolic blood pressure was greater in failure situations, but the changes were not significant for diastolic blood pressure.

Conclusion: In failure situation physiological measures in perfectionist subjects will increase, at least in heart rate and systolic blood pressure. This indicates that perfectionist subjects experience more stress than non-perfectionists.
Full-Text [PDF 160 kb]   (548 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/11/23 | Accepted: 2007/01/21 | Published: 2007/03/21

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