Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter 2004)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2004, 5(4): 73-85 | Back to browse issues page

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Zarindast M R, Rad Goudarzi R. Neurotransmitters and Cognition: Part 2 (Histamine, Opioids, Cholecystokinin, Adenosine, Nitric Oxide, and Glutamate). Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2004; 5 (4) :73-85
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-301-en.html
Abstract:   (1851 Views)
Objective: Over the last two decades the subject of neurotransmitters in cognitive functions has drawn a lot of attention.
Method: This article reviews the role of histamine, opioids, adenosine, cholecystokinin, nitric oxide, and glutamate in cognitive behaviors.
Results: Numerous animal studies have been carried out so far, on the role of neurotransmitters on learning and memory.
Conclusion: The increase or decrease in neurotransmitters' levels, and activation or blockage of their receptors has shown to affect the learning and memory. It is postulated that a network of different neurotransmitter systems can influence learning and memory processing.
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Subject: Special
Received: 2003/08/23 | Accepted: 2003/10/23 | Published: 2003/12/22

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