Volume 8, Issue 4 (Winter 2007)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2007, 8(4): 49-56 | Back to browse issues page

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Dashti B, Abou Alhasani F, Majdzadeh R, Alaghbandrad J, Eftekhar H. Study of The Burden Caused by Attention Deficit Hyperactivity. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2007; 8 (4) :49-56
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-268-en.html
1- Institute of Cognitive Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1953 Views)
Objective: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common child psychiatric disorder, which regarding the young population of Iran, can cause significant disability. From among health measures, DALY (Disability Adjusted Life Years) is an efficient summary measure for estimation of health problems in various disorders and provides the possibility of comparison between burdens of various disorders.
Method: The DALY for ADHD was calculated on the basis of information related to incidence, prevalence and case fatality rate, using demographic information in 2003. To assess the concordance between raw data and to carry out the final analysis DisMod II software was used, and finally YLD (Years Lived with Disability) was calculated as a measure equal to DALY.
Results: YLD was 15.7 in males and 6.7 in females. Total DALYs in both sexes and in all ages were 22.4. In the sensitivity analysis with assumption of no remission of the disease in adulthood, DALY was 31.9 indicating that the mentioned DAL Y of 22.4 must be considered as the minimum estimation of burden.
Discussion: It seems that ADHD causes noticeable disability in all age groups in general, and the children and youth in particular.
Full-Text [PDF 207 kb]   (433 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/07/19 | Accepted: 2006/10/18 | Published: 2006/12/22

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