Volume 8, Issue 4 (Winter 2007)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2007, 8(4): 40-49 | Back to browse issues page

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Shokri O, Kadivar P, Naghsh Z, Daneshvarpour Z. The Academic Stressors and Reactions to Them in Male and Female Students. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2007; 8 (4) :40-49
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-267-en.html
Abstract:   (2566 Views)
Objective: This study compared the academic stressors and the reactions to them in female and male students using Gadzella's Life Stress Inventory.
Method: The sample included 166 male and 251 female students. Five categories of academic stressors (Le. frustrations, conflicts, pressures, changes, and self-imposed) and four categories describing reactions to these stressors (Le. physiological, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive) were examined.
Results: Female students reported higher frustrations, pressures, changes, self-imposed stressors and greater physiological, emotional, behavioral and cognitive reactions to stressors than male students; while males reported higher conflict stressors than females. The MANCOV A yielded a significant main effect, adjusted for age. Also, respondent's gender and stressors emerged as the two strongest predictors of their physiological, emotional, behavioral and cognitive reactions to stressors in the hierarchical regression analysis. All the five stressors attained statistical significance in the model. These variables explained 32% of variance in physiological reaction, 42% for emotional reaction, 25% for behavioral and 16% for cognitive reactions.
Conclusion: The findings emphasize on the need to recognize gender differences in stress management. Implications for mental health professionals are discussed.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/07/20 | Accepted: 2006/10/18 | Published: 2006/12/22

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