Volume 6, Issue 1 And 2 (Spring & Summer 2004)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2004, 6(1 And 2): 73-87 | Back to browse issues page

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Arabgol F, Hayati M, Hadid M. Prevalence of Attention - Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in a Group of University Students. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2004; 6 (1 and 2) :73-87
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-43-en.html
Abstract:   (1774 Views)
Objective: Attention - deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been increasingly recognized as a valid adult diagnosis. Yet, its prevalence and associated impairments in university students have received little attention. This descriptive study aimed to determine the rate of ADHD in a group of Iranian university students. 
Method: For this cross-sectional study, 409 university students living in Fatemeh-AI-Zahra dormitory (Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) were selected through convenience sampling, and after excluding 165 students (by exclusion criteria) the rest were assessed using the self-administrated Connerchr('39')s Questionnaire for ADHD. Statistical analysis was performed by chi-square and Fisherchr('39')s exact tests. 
Results: The prevalence of ADHD was 3.7% in the study population (according to ADHD index); subscale B (hyperactivity/restlessness) had the most frequency (7.8%) and subscales D (problems with self concept) and A (attention/memory problem) were least common (2%). ADHD group had higher rates of positive history of psychiatric problems and medicationuse. 
Conclusion: It seems necessary that university students be screened for this disorder and be referred to psychiatrist for further evaluation and treatment to improve their academic function and personal relations.
Full-Text [PDF 228 kb]   (1068 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2003/11/12 | Accepted: 2004/01/12 | Published: 2004/03/20

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