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1- University of Isfahan
Abstract:   (393 Views)
Introduction
 
: Self-efficacy is one of the most important cognitive abilities in which defect leads to failure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of optimistic attribution style training on self-efficacy of normal and dyslexic boys of fourth grade in Isfahan city. Methods: The study design was experimental with pre-test, post-test, follow-up and control group. After screening based on Cattellchr('39')s Intelligence Test(1973), Seligmanchr('39')s Children Attribution Style Questionnaire(1984), Bazrafshan Moghadam Dyslexia Checklist(1997) and Kormi nouri and Moradi Reading and Dyslexia test(2005), ,from the population of fourth grade male students in Isfahan city, 60 students were selected in a multi-stage random manner. Then, 30 normal students were randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups and 30 dyslexic students were randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. After performing pre-test including bandurachr('39')s self-efficacy questionnaire (2006) and presenting the optimistic attributional style training, post-test and follow-up test were performed. Results: The results of analysis of variance with repeated measures showed optimistic attribution style training was effective on  the general self-efficacy and social skills and emotional reactions sub-scales of  the experimental groups in post-test and 1 month follow-up test )p<0/05). This training was effective on the academic self-efficacy of the experimental normal group and the reading self-efficacy of the experimental dyslexic group in post-test and follow up too (p<0/05), but it was not effective on the reading self-efficacy of the experimental normal group and the academic self-efficacy of the experimental dyslexic group in post-test and follow up (p>0/05). Conclusion: Optimistic attribution style training can improve the self-efficacy of normal and dyslexic boys and this program can be used to improve childrenchr('39')s self-efficacy.
     
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2019/04/3 | Accepted: 2020/06/8 | Published: 2020/06/30

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