Volume 11, Issue 1 (Spring 2009)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2009, 11(1): 16-22 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (2102 Views)
Objective: Mood states affect various cognitive factors such as attention and memory; therefore, the aim of the present study is to compare the process of memory recognition in depressed and normal individuals (among students in the city of Tehran).
Method: In this study, 60 individuals were selected from among 200 female students, using cluster sampling. All participants filled out the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) (1978), and the set of neutral and depressive words. Recognition memory was evaluated through word recognition.
Results: After the collection of data, and using the t-test, a confidence of 0.99 was obtained. Results indicated that memory bias toward affective words is significant in depressed subjects in comparison with normal individuals.
Conclusion: Depression leads to a memory bias toward emotional words and information with emotional content.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2008/11/21 | Accepted: 2009/01/20 | Published: 2009/03/21

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