Volume 14, Issue 4 (Winter 2013)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2013, 14(4): 29-38 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Assistant Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associated Professor of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
3- MSc of Clinical Psychology of Child and Adolecence, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
4- MSc of Clinical Psychology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2330 Views)
Objective: Hope as a cognitive-motivational construct is based on a reciprocallyderived sense of success and the pathways toward ones important goals. This study examined the cognitive correlates of hope that includes problem-solving performance, decision making and attention.
Method: This cross-sectional study recruited a convenience sample of 92 students fromTehran University (46 female and 45 male) whom were asked to independently complete the Missionaries and Cannibals (problem solving), Wisconsin (decision making), Tower of London (planning), sustained attention tests and the Hope Scale.
Results: Finding indicated a significant positive relationship between hope and the three dimensions of problem solving. Additionally,result revealeda relation between hope and preservation in Wisconsin test and the mean reaction time in sustained attention test and the time of planning during thetower of London task.
Conclusion: Hopecan beconsidered as acomplexcognitiveconstructwhichrequ ires intuitiveinformationprocessing, the allocation ofattentionresourcestogoals, methodsfor achievingthe targets, and the ability forshifting attention from unsuitable situationstothe goal-directed ones.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2012/08/22 | Accepted: 2012/10/22 | Published: 2012/12/21