Volume 22, Issue 3 (Autumn 2020)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2020, 22(3): 14-23 | Back to browse issues page

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1- PhD Student in Health Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (1196 Views)
Introduction: Diabetes is among the commonest chronic diseases, as well as the greatest health problem in all nations. The present research was designed and conducted to investigate the effectiveness of schema therapy on temperament and character dimensions, food craving among obese women with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: The present research was a semi-experimental, including pre-test and post-test with a control group. The current research’s statistical population included all the obese married women with type 2 diabetes registered as members of the diabetes association of Gonbad-e-Kavoos town in 2018 who had active cases in the association. The study sample included 40 patients who, based on inclusion-exclusion criteria, were selected by the available sampling method and were assigned into two experiment and control groups (20 subjects per group). Sessions Schema Therapy was held for ten 120-minute sessions for the participants of the experiment group. The research tool was the Temperament and Character dimensions and the Food Craving questionnaire. The research data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance analysis in SPSS-22.
Results: The findings indicated that schema therapy significantly increased the Temperament and Character dimensions and decrease food craving for the experimental group in the post-test phase (P<0.01).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it can be concluded that due to the significant effect of schema therapy on temperament and character dimensions and food cravings in obese women with type 2 diabetes, this treatment can be a good intervention option for the treatment of such individuals.
Full-Text [PDF 809 kb]   (411 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2020/05/18 | Accepted: 2020/07/11 | Published: 2020/10/1