Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2006)                   2006, 8(1): 54-76 | Back to browse issues page

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Tavakoli S, Ghassemzadeh H. Cognitive- Behavioral Theories and Treatments of Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder. Advances in Cognitive Science. 2006; 8 (1) :54-76
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-322-en.html
1- Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (441 Views)
Objective: To review the behavioral and cognitive-behavioral conceptualizations and treatments of obsessive-compulsive disorder and to introduce the recent progresses in the field. 
Method: Medline and PsycINFO databases (2000 to 2006) were searched for relevant original and review articles. This was followed by a hand searching of reference lists from previously retrieved articles to identify studies not included in the electronic search. In this article, the behavioral and cognitive-behavioral conceptualizations of obsessive-compulsive disorder are reviewed. There is also a brief overview of the behavioral and cognitive-behavioral treatment methods. 
Results and Conclusion: Although behavioral therapy (exposure and response prevention) has been shown to be effective for treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, some of this therapy’s specific limitations encouraged clinical researchers to augment behavioral therapy with direct cognitive interventions. Cognitive conceptualizations and their related processes and concepts have led to the development of appropriate treatment models for each cognitive conceptualization. Each of these conceptualizations might partly contribute to the explanation of the formation and persistence of obsessions. Consideration of these concepts might also improve the treatment process and efficacy. However, exposure and response prevention has remained the central ingredient in the contemporary cognitive-behavioral therapy of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Full-Text [PDF 549 kb]   (158 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2005/10/5 | Accepted: 2005/12/19 | Published: 2006/03/21

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