Volume 16, Issue 3 (Autumn 2014)                   Adv Cogn Sci 2014, 16(3): 13-23 | Back to browse issues page

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Moradi A, Haydari A, Abdolahi M H, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Parhoon H, Naderi Y. The Performance of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Subjects in Verbal and Visual False Memory Tasks. Adv Cogn Sci. 2014; 16 (3) :13-23
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-253-en.html
1- Professor of Clinical Psychology, University of Kharazmi, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies, Sina Tauma and Surgery Research Center.
2- MSc. Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Kharazmi.
3- Associate Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Kharazmi.
4- Professor of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Sina Tauma and Surgery Research Center.
5- PhD. student Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences University of Kharazmi.
6- M.Sc. Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences University of Kharazmi.
Abstract:   (808 Views)
Introduction: The current study investigated verbal and visual false memories among post-traumatic stress disorder sufferers.
Methods: This causal-comparative study recruited 20 patients suffering from PTSD according to the DSMIV-TR criteria, and 20 non-PTSD subjects who involved in the same trauma of PTSD as well as 20 normal subjects who were matched for age, sex, and socio-economic status. The instruments included Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Impact of Event Scale, WIAS (short version), plus the Visual and Verbal False Memory Tasks prepared according to Deese-Roediger- McDermott’s (DRM) paradigm. Obtained data were analyzed using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey’s post-hoc test.
Results: Our findings indicated that PTSD patients produced more false memories (both verbal and visual) than non-PTSD and healthy control subjects in both tasks.
Conclusion: Such findings are interpretable within the framework of the cognitive theories of PTSD and other memory deficits of PTSD patients.
Full-Text [PDF 412 kb]   (469 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/07/17 | Accepted: 2014/01/16 | Published: 2014/06/23

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