Volume 8, Issue 3 (Autumn 2006)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2006, 8(3): 25-32 | Back to browse issues page

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Rasti A, Taghavi M. Implicit Memory Bias for Negative Information in Patients With Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder and Normal Individuals. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2006; 8 (3) :25-32
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-206-en.html
1- Shiraz university.
Abstract:   (1291 Views)
Objective: The purpose of the current research was to study implicit memory bias for negative emotional information in patients with general anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder and normal individuals. 
Method: this was a cross-sectional study including 20 patients with generalized anxiety disorder, 20 with major depressive disorder and 20 normal subjects between 18 to 52 years old. The groups were matched on the bases of sex, age and education. Word Stem Completion Task (implicit memory bias) was used to assess the subjects. Word stems were related to ambiguous words that could be completed to neutral and negative words. 
Results: Analysis of variance showed that the patients with major depression and generalized anxiety completed the stems with more negative words then the control subjects. It suggests an implicit memory bias in the two disordered groups. 
Conclusion: The results are in line with the literature, showing congruence with Bower's approach on major depressive disorder (1987) and with the model proposed by Eysenck and Keana (2000) and Bower (1987) on generalized anxiety disorder.
Full-Text [PDF 187 kb]   (262 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/05/15 | Accepted: 2006/07/23 | Published: 2006/09/23

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