Volume 11, Issue 1 (Spring 2009)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2009, 11(1): 30-39 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (2698 Views)
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the function of episodic memory in patients with borderline personality disorder and a control group.
Method: In a post hoc cross-sectional study, 15 female patients with the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder according to DSM-IV criteria and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis Personality Disorders (SCID II), were compared with 15 non-patient individuals using Autobiographical Memory Retrieval Test (AMRT). Research data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent samples t-test and correlation coefficient.
Results: There was no significant difference in the retrieval latency of autobiographical memory between the two groups. However, there was significant difference between the patient and the control group regarding the specificity of the response to stimuli as well as the number of the words used in response to the presented word stimuli.
Conclusion: Over-general retrieval of memory in patients with borderline personality disorder may help protect them from self-injury behavior through avoiding distressing memories, and may be related to deficit problem solving skills.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2008/11/21 | Accepted: 2009/01/20 | Published: 2009/03/21

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