Volume 4, Issue 2 (Summer 2002)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2002, 4(2): 37-44 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdollahi A. Creating False Memories with Phonologically-related Words under Focused and Divided Attention Conditions . Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2002; 4 (2) :37-44
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-455-en.html
Zarand Islamic Azad University, Iran.
Abstract:   (1603 Views)
Three experiments investigated the possibility of creating false memories using lists of phonologically-related Farsi words and under conditions of focused and divided attention(at retrieval).  In Experiments 1 and 2 with normal children and adults as participants, considerable rates of false recall and false recognition were observed under both  focused and divided attention conditions.  In Experiment 3 with 12 amnesic elderly participants, false memories were low under focused and moderate under divided attention. The results indicate that  phonologically associated words like semantically associated ones may lead to false memories. The findings are discussed in terms of the activation models. 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/11/25 | Accepted: 2017/11/25 | Published: 2017/11/25

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