Volume 17, Issue 1 (Spring 2015)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2015, 17(1): 25-34 | Back to browse issues page

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Nowrouzi A, Taghavi S M R, Mohammadi N. Pre-attentional Bias Modification in Smokers: Generalization to a New Stimulus and Task Paradigm. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2015; 17 (1) :25-34
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-314-en.html
1- Ph.D Student in Psychology in Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
2- Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Shiraz University,Shiraz,Iran.
3- Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Shiraz University,Shiraz,Iran.
Abstract:   (2215 Views)
Introduction: Pre-attentional bias happens when several stimuli compete to grasp attention in fraction of a second, and without a conscious experience one stimulus attracts the attention. The existing literature has emphasized on the importance of pre-attentional bias as a potential cue-related factor in the process of drug addiction when abuse and relapse take place. This investigation was an attempt to propose attentional bias modification as a tool to decrease pre-attentional bias and to generalize it to a new stimulus and task (stroop test) paradigm among cigarette smokers.
Method: Two groups of cigarette smokers (control and attentional bias modification) were enrolled to have their attentional bias (600 ms) as well as pre-attentional bias (200 ms) measured in response to the stimuli such as words and pictures using dot-probe and Stroop tasks. Between pre-test and post-test, the control group received a neutral training, while the attentional bias modification group subjected an attentional bias modification training.
Results: Findings indicated a significant difference between the two groups on post-test in terms of both attentional and pre-attentional bias when Stroop task was used upon attentional bias to novel cues in post-test and follow up.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated the efficient generalization of attentional bias modification training in decreasing pre-attentional bias in a new stimulus and task paradigm. It seems the attentional bias modification training can potentially be generalized into the real life context.
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Subject: Special
Received: 2014/12/16 | Accepted: 2015/02/17 | Published: 2015/03/21

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