Volume 15, Issue 3 (Autumn 2013)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2013, 15(3): 52-72 | Back to browse issues page

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Safaie-Qalati M, Kambuziya A K Z, Aqagolzade F, Golfam A, Ameri H. The Neurocognitive and Kantian Schemas’ Trade Off. Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2013; 15 (3) :52-72
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-190-en.html
1- Associate Prof. Department of English Teaching and Translation, Chabahar Maritime University (CMU), Tehran,Iran.
2- Associate Prof. Department of Linguistics, Tehran, Iran.
3- Associate Prof. Department of Linguistics, (TMU).
4- Assistant Prof. Department of linguistics, (TMU).
Abstract:   (2838 Views)
Introduction: the Kantian schema is described as being disembodied and a basis for pure reason, while in the embodied model of mind in Cognitive Science schemas are the results of neural activities in the brain; however, some neurocognitive studies propose a correspondence between some parts of the Kantian model of cognition and some recent neurocognitive findings; e.g. the innateness of neural strata contributing partial perceptions of space is compared to the Kantian a priori space; but how perceptions nested in the neural strata, hence empirical, could be a priori?
Method: this treatise tries to elaborate on the notion that the dual character of schema in the Kantian model of cognition, which maintains a relation between the pure reason and experience, could be applicable to the neurocognitive model of cognition and the rational and empirical views on image-schemas. The present paper is developed through an inductive method which is based on the empirical and experimental results reported from authenticated sources.
Results: by redescribing the Kantian “a priori intuition” of space and time as “implicit, automatic, and necessary” perceptions of space and time, a correspondence between the Kantian and the neurocognitive models of cognition could be confirmed. Based on the distinction proposed between “schemas” of objects and primitive “image schemas” grounding abstract reason, schemas could correspond to the Kantian “concepts of objects” and image schemas to the Kantian “categories”.
Conclusion: The present discussion puts the neurocognitive model of “embodied reason” in line with the Kantian “pure reason”.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/04/13 | Accepted: 2013/07/19 | Published: 2013/09/23

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