Volume 5, Issue 2 (Summer 2003)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2003, 5(2): 26-36 | Back to browse issues page

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Alaghbandrad J, Dashti B, Moradi M. Exposure to Violence in Adolescents: Implication for Resilience . Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2003; 5 (2) :26-36
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-184-en.html
Abstract:   (3808 Views)
Objective: Exposure to violence causes various mental health problems in children and adolescents. However, there are few reports on the consequences of violence in Eastern hemisphere countries. This study was conducted to explore the relationship between violence exposure and the psychological characteristics defined as resilience in adolescents.
Method: Five-hundred students in public high schools of Roodehen, a little town near Tehran (Iran), were assessed in a self-report survey for which SAHA (Social And Health Assessment) was used as the instrument. Scales for behaviors or characteristics, which address resilience and supportive factors, were analyzed for the purpose of this paper. The subjects were distributed into three groups of "no-exposure", "witness" and "victim", according to reports of violence exposure.
Results: depression, antisocial behavior and cigarette smoking were most common among the victim group and the least among no-exposure group. The victim group showed highest rate of somatization.
Conclusion: Findings of the current study show that even witnessing violence in community can increase the risk of mental health problems. Further investigation, especially prospective studies for defining the supportive factors and proper interventions, are needed.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2003/02/20 | Accepted: 2003/04/21 | Published: 2003/06/22

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