Volume 13, Issue 2 (Summer 2011)                   Advances in Cognitive Sciences 2011, 13(2): 67-79 | Back to browse issues page

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Taraj S, Zare H. Measuring The Effectiveness of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) On Attentional Bias (AB) By Computerized Dot-probe Paradigm. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2011; 13 (2) :67-79
URL: http://icssjournal.ir/article-1-349-en.html
1- Instructor, Payam-e Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam-e Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1075 Views)
Objective: The present researchis an experimente study to investigat the effect of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) on attention bias (AB).
Method: We used the dot-probe paradigm, also known as the visual-probe task, to investigate selective attention to threat. Thirty eight women with premenstrual syndrome were selected and tested before and after menstruation. The sample subjects were selected based on their scores in MSO, DSM-IV-IR, DRF, and MMDQ questionnaires and interviews. Then, the computerized, pictorial version of the modified dot-probe task was carried out on them.
Results: Data analysis revealed that females with PMS had significant attention bias when confronting angry faces, and reacted through avoidance (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Women with PMS by perceiving a threatening stimulus apply avoidance as a defense mechanism, which could maintain their conditions and symptoms.
Full-Text [PDF 475 kb]   (410 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2011/02/20 | Accepted: 2011/04/21 | Published: 2011/06/22

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